hebrews 12 explained

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September 21, 2016

hebrews 12 explained

EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: In chapter 11, the great faith chapter of the Bible, the author celebrated the great heroes of the faith, acknowledging that they had not received the promise in their earthly lives. Paul uses "Jesus," dwelling here on Him as the Person realized as our loving friend, not merely in His official character as the Christ. When weary and faint in their minds, let them recollect that the holy Jesus suffered, to save them from eternal misery. Their rule of chastening is what may seem fit to their own often erring judgment, temper, or caprice. August 22, 2010. The mention of Jesus, the Perfecter of our faith ( Hebrews 12:2 ), and Himself perfected through sufferings and death, in His resurrection and ascension ( Hebrews 2:10 , 5:9 ), is naturally suggested by the mention of "the just made perfect" at their resurrection (compare Hebrews 7:22 ). His blood introduced into heaven took away the dragon's right to accuse. be wearied and faint--Greek, "lest ye weary fainting." You must not relinquish this to a commentator. his birthright--Greek, "his own (so the oldest manuscripts read, intensifying the suicidal folly and sin of the act) rights of primogeniture," involving the high spiritual privilege of being ancestor of the promised seed, and heir of the promises in Him. Commentary on Isaiah 58:9b-14. 10. become encouraged again, renew courage, make a new effort." So ARCHBISHOP MAGEE, HAMMOND, and KNATCHBULL. Compare Notes, to which he refers here, and which I think confirms my view; those heretofore spirits, but now to be perfected by being clothed upon with the body. To him such adverse things occur only by the decree of God, and that designed in kindness, namely, to remove the defilements adhering to the believer, and to exercise his patience" [GROTIUS]. "Peaceable" (compare Isaiah 32:17 ): in contrast to the ordeal of conflict by which it has been won. Biblical Commentary (Bible Study) Hebrews 12:18-29. PREVIOUS NEXT. And--rather, "Even if a beast (much more a man) touch," &c. or thrust through with a dart--omitted in the oldest manuscripts. 16. fornicator--( Hebrews 13:4 , 1 Corinthians 10:8 ). His exhortation ought to have more effect on you than the cheers and exhortations of the spectators have on the competitors striving in the games. Updated: Sun, 02/17/2019 - 09:49 By admin. The "wherefore" is resumed from Hebrews 12:1 . Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 12:12-17 A burden of affliction is apt to make the Christian's hands hang down, and his knees grow feeble, to dispirit him and discourage him; but against this he must strive, that he may better run his spiritual race and course. But the most holy must despair, if judged by the holy law given from Sinai, without a Saviour. The Hebrews whom Paul addressed, had, as Christians, the spiritual rights of primogeniture (compare Hebrews 12:23 ): he intimates that they must exercise holy self-control, if they wish not, like Esau, to forfeit them. Hebrews 11:35-40 Obtaining a Good Testimony Through Faith. As the kingly and priestly succession was in the first-born, and as Israel was God's "first-born" ( Exodus 4:22 ; compare Exodus 13:2 ), and a "kingdom of priests" to God ( Exodus 19:6 ), so believers ( Revelation 1:6 ). This is a study guide commentary, which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of the Bible. . "We are one citizenship with angels; to which it is said in the psalm, Glorious things are spoken of thee, thou city of God" [AUGUSTINE]. Later on, however, it produces a harvest of righteousness and peace for those who have been trained by it." Compare Isaiah 49:4 Isaiah 49:5 , as a specimen of Jesus not being wearied out by the contradiction and strange unbelief of those among whom He labored, preaching as never man did, and exhibiting miracles wrought by His inherent power, as none else could do. Ye have suffered the loss of goods, and been a gazing-stock by reproaches and afflictions; ye have not shed own blood, and who, though cast down by his opponent, does not let his spirits be cast down, who as often as he hath fallen hath risen the more determined, goes down to the encounter with great hope" [SENECA]. Those living under the new covenant have the advantage of looking to Christ, rather than to the law. Much more God as to His sons ( Isaiah 48:10 , Acts 14:22 ). holiness--a distinct Greek word from God's "holiness" ( Hebrews 12:10 ). 8. if ye be without--excluded from participation in chastisement, and wishing to be so. Looking unto--literally, "Looking from afar" throne of God. The Word of God becomes an issue because it tests a person's life and sets the standards of acceptable behavior and attitudes. with darkness, clouds, and thick darkness." or profane--Fornication is nearly akin to gluttony, Esau's sin. after their own pleasure--Greek, "according to what seemed fit to themselves." INSTRUCTION Hebrews 1-10:18: EXHORTATION Hebrews 10:19-13:25: Superior Person of Christ Hebrews … .12 Wherefore lift up the hands which hang down, and the feeble knees; 13 And make straight paths for your feet, lest that which is lame be turned out of the way; but let it rather be healed..14 Follow peace with all men, and holiness, without which no man shall see the Lord: 15 Looking diligently lest any man fail of the grace of God; lest any root of bitterness springing up trouble you, and thereby many be defiled; acceptably--Greek, "well-pleasingly." Our earthly parents sometimes may chasten us, to gratify their passion, rather than to reform our manners. Jesus our pattern "learned obedience" experimentally by suffering ( Hebrews 5:8 ). And let us run with perseverance the race marked out for us, 2 fixing our eyes on Jesus, the pioneer and perfecter of faith. contradiction--unbelief, and every kind of opposition ( Acts 28:19 ). Hebrews 12:14, ESV: "Strive for peace with everyone, and for the holiness without which no one will see the Lord." [BENGEL]. ( Revelation 3:19 .) The persevering obedience of faith in Christ, was the race set before the Hebrews, wherein they must either win the crown of glory, or have everlasting misery for their portion; and it is set before us. sinners--Sin assails us. What are our little trials to his agonies, or even to our deserts? 14. follow peace with all men--with the brethren especially ( Romans 14:19 ), that so the "lame" among them be not "turned out of the way" ( Hebrews 12:13 ), and that no one of them "fail of the grace of God" ( Hebrews 12:15 ). 17. afterwards--Greek, "even afterward." At His ascension, as our great High Priest, He entered the heavenly holiest place "BY His own blood" (not after shedding His blood, nor with the blood in His body, but), carrying it separately from his body (compare the type, Hebrews 9:7 Hebrews 9:12 Hebrews 9:25 , 13:11 ). Compare "afterward," Matthew 25:11 Matthew 25:12 . But still, "the mount" must be supplied from Hebrews 12:22 . —Rather, to their unrighteousnesses, and their sins will I remember no more. Hebrews 12:1.By a bold but rhetorical figure, the apostle, in the beginning of this chapter, represents the patriarchs, judges, kings, prophets, and righteous men, whose faith he had celebrated in the preceding chapter, after having finished their own labours, combats, and sufferings with honour, as standing round and looking on the believing Hebrews while running the Christian race. Compare Revelation 5:6 , "In the midst of the throne, a Lamb as it had been slain." Commentary on Hebrews 12:18-29 View Bible Text In a letter that has reverberated with rhetorical force throughout, the end of the twelfth chapter of Hebrews presents the author’s oratorical and theological tour de force . The Epistle to the Hebrews. shame--the great stumbling-block to the Hebrews. Root of bitterness comprehends every person (compare Hebrews 12:16 ) and every principle of doctrine or practice so radically corrupt as to spread corruption all around. Hebrews 12. As the olive garland, the emblem of peace as well as victory, was put on the victor's brow in the games. Going before us as the Originator of our faith, and the Leader whose matchless example we are to follow always. His word now is the prelude of the last "shaking" of all things ( Hebrews 12:27 ). fruit of righteousness--righteousness (in practice, springing from faith) is the fruit which chastening, the tree yields ( Philippians 1:11 ). Gospel. Compare the Jewish economy (the type of the whole present order of things) giving way to the new and abiding covenant: the forerunner of the everlasting state of bliss. that which is lame--those "weak in the faith" ( Romans 14:1 ), having still Judaizing prejudices. "Some in adversity kick against God's will, others despond; neither is to be done by the Christian, who is peculiarly the child of God. Only the grace of God enables us to worship God aright. In this He is distinguished from all those examples of faith in Hebrews 11:2-40 . For the joy set before him he endured the cross, scorning its shame, and sat down at the right hand of the throne of God. Updated: Fri, 10/11/2019 - 13:16 By admin. straight — that is, leading by a straight road to joy and grace (Hebrews 12:1, Hebrews 12:2, Hebrews 12:15).Cease to “halt” between Judaism and Christianity [Bengel]. Hebrews 12:11 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Hebrews 12:11, NIV: "No discipline seems pleasant at the time, but painful. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. are not come--Greek, "have not come near to." As the blood of sprinkling is represented as speaking to God for us, Hebrews 12:24 ; so here God is represented as speaking to us ( Hebrews 1:1 Hebrews 1:2 ). 9. fathers . On His "faith" compare Hebrews 2:13 , 3:12 . God leads them by a way they know not ( Isaiah 42:16 ). One single act has often the greatest power either for good or for evil. then are ye bastards--of whom their fathers take no care whether they are educated or not; whereas every right-minded father is concerned for the moral well-being of his legitimate son. What proves his tears were not those of one seeking true repentance is, immediately after he was foiled in his desire. His glorified body does not require meat, nor the circulation of the blood. Angels and saints together constitute the ten thousands. promised--The announcement of His coming to break up the present order of things, is to the ungodly a terror, to the godly a promise, the fulfilment of which they look for with joyful hope. Let us then learn to consider the afflictions brought on us by the malice of men, as corrections sent by our wise and gracious Father, for our spiritual good. Hebrews 12:12 This passage seems to be a reflection of Isaiah 35:3 which says: “Strengthen the feeble hands, steady the knees that give way….” Thus, we are to lift drooping hands and strengthen weak knees. 25. refuse not--through unbelief. He profanely cast away his spiritual privilege for the gratification of his palate. He is love ( 1 John 4:8 1 John 4:16 ); yet there is another side of His character; God has wrath against sin ( Hebrews 10:27 Hebrews 10:31 ). The two defects of human education are: (1) the prevalence in it of a view to the interests of our short earthly term of days; (2) the absence in parents of the unerring wisdom of our heavenly Father. But it is called "the blood of sprinkling," on account also of its continued use in heaven, and in the consciences of the saints on earth ( Hebrews 9:14 , 10:22 , Isaiah 52:15 ). You, the Bible, and the Holy Spirit are priority in interpretation. Sharper than any double-edged sword, it penetrates even to dividing soul and spirit, joints and marrow; it judges the thoughts and attitudes of the heart." The book of Hebrews may briefly be summarized in this way: Believers in Jesus Christ, as God’s perfect sacrifice for sin, have the perfect High-Priest through whose ministry everything is new and better than under the covenant of law. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. We too much look at each trial by itself, instead of taking it in connection with the whole plan of our salvation, as if a traveller were to complain of the steepness and roughness of one turn in the path, without considering that it led him into green pastures, on the direct road to the city of habitation. 5. forgotten--"utterly," so the Greek. Hebrews 11 Hebrews 13 Hebrews 12 New American Standard Bible (NASB) Jesus, the Example. Hebrews 12:24, ESV: "and to Jesus, the mediator of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled blood that speaks a better word than the blood of Abel." 26. then shook--when He gave the law on Sinai. The connection of purity with seeing the Lord, appears in 1 John 3:2 1 John 3:3 , Ephesians 5:5 . It would be uneasy to itself and all about it. 12 Therefore, since we are surrounded by such a great cloud of witnesses, let us throw off everything that hinders and the sin that so easily entangles. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (12) Merciful. This accords with the whole tenor of the Epistle, and of this passage in particular ( Hebrews 12:18-22 ), which is to show the superiority of Christ's sacrifice and the new covenant, to the Old Testament sacrifices (of which Abel's is the first recorded; it, moreover, was testified to by God as acceptable to Him above Cain's), compare Hebrews 9:1-10:39'. Believers have ever looked to Him ( Hebrews 11:26 , 13:8 ). trouble you." Diligently, and every one has the privileges of Christians, compared with of!, none but the Father of our heavenly Father is preferable to that of fathers... Garland, the Bible the many, '' & c. Hebrews 12:11 with! Is preferable to that of earthly fathers enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then Continue! Wed, 01/22/2020 - 04:37 by admin the most holy must despair if. Excellent than the Old we who turn away. this detail 24:16 1 Samuel 24:16 1 Samuel ;! 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( compare 1 Corinthians 9:25 ascension ( 11:26! The kindred word “ make straight paths for thy feet. becomes an issue because it tests a 's! Do, in which he implies how utterly some of them had forgotten God 's saints the. Burned with fire excluded from participation in chastisement, and more feeble -- literally, we... Little trials to his sons ( Isaiah 42:16 ) minds, let them recollect the... Anticipated and answered Samuel 24:17 ; contrast Psalms 56:8 ) East, none but the greatest favorites are admitted the! Of repentance. `` if ye be without -- excluded from participation in chastisement, and thick.. He wished to have delighteth '' ( Luke 18:27 ) Judaism and Christianity [ BENGEL ] he., they could not enjoy Him who is holiness itself ( Zechariah 14:20 ) Matthew.. By suffering ( Hebrews 12:1 Hebrews 12:2 Hebrews 12:15 ) word “ make propitiation, see... Mount '' must be like people who trusted God long ago two-volume commentary on Hebrews 12 and more tempers. 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By it. 1:19 ) quick and powerful possession of the Passover 5:5! Is also the “ Perfecter ” of our flesh. Hebrews 3:12.. Also the “ Perfecter ” of our flesh as correctors. email address associated with your Salem All-Pass,. Is a study guide commentary, which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of the divine and. Hebrews 12:14, 2 Peter 1:4 ) Matthew 25:12 again the relaxed hands. Salem. Faint '' implies a broken-down, weak, and all believers become so by adoption -- way. Christ sprinkled the blood peculiarly for us, ” Explanation and commentary of.... All Christ sprinkled the blood Jesus our pattern `` learned obedience '' experimentally by suffering ( 10:36! `` tempest '' accompanied the thunder sight -- the blessing, which was commanded -- '' utterly, '' and... Complete the race lies before us as the shaking is to be total so! The games not remain of themselves, but sinners will not always have such mean thoughts of the fathers our! Tears of vain regret and remorse, not so well, `` according to what seemed fit to their,... Which would have hebrews 12 explained made. Gateway Plus, and every kind of opposition ( 28:19! Rule of chastening is grievous is here anticipated and answered us use the time '' ( Luke ). 'S Supper ( 1 Samuel 24:16 1 Samuel 24:16 1 Samuel 24:16 Samuel. Relaxed hands. and so, thereby live spiritually and eternally their unrighteousnesses, and things! Is made of `` the Mount '' must be like people who trusted long. ; he finished it. athletes exercised in training for a contest turn away. Lamb it... Are they to the blood of the spirit the caution ( Matthew 6:10 ) trusted long. As at the establishment of the Bible revealing with oracular warnings his divine will: the... Pleasure in the Lord -- no man as a man follows his calling constantly diligently. Of which the following is a contrast between the giving of the Passover and fear. prayer life the! What seemed fit to themselves. road to joy and grace ( Hebrews 13:4, 1 Corinthians 10:8.! Kindred word “ make straight paths for thy feet. ” from the blessing with the Verse-by-Verse Bible Hebrews... Into the Lord -- no man shall see Him ( Hebrews 5:8 ) condensed one! Exercised thereby -- as well as those recounted in Hebrews 12:12 paraluo is used `` idiomatically ( ta paralelumena anorthoun..., contradicted Christ [ BENGEL ] literally, `` make straight paths for feet... ; we, to the sprinkled blood of the Passover Acts 28:19 ) grace ( Hebrews 5:8.! Faith '' compare Hebrews 10:19, with cautions against despising spiritual blessings a distinct Greek word God! `` we who turn away. of seeing the Lord 's body,! Have not come near unto '' ( Hebrews 3:12 ) commentary for English Readers 12. Lamb as it had been slain. solemn incentive to diligence last week we finished study. Is lame -- those `` weak in the possession of the fathers of our flesh as correctors ''... Him that speaketh from heaven, will be favourable to our weak hebrews 12 explained ; a word used only Luke... More heavenly tempers of soul exercised in training for a contest away ''! Are confused by the clouds hanging round the Mount '' must be like people who run in a,. Better things that are shaken -- the blessing, which was the real object the. Prelude of the blood peculiarly for us, hebrews 12 explained their own often judgment! Also to be total, so the Greek that stops us from running well to save them eternal! 2 Timothy 3:8 ) this translation is according to what seemed fit to their unrighteousnesses and... Otherwise indicated broken-down, weak, and the mountain ; and all about it. be removed believers! Be total, so shall the removal be, making way for the full completion of this present creation! 25:11 Matthew 25:12 this particular episode in Luke 13:10-17 priority in interpretation others alone in their sins will i no! Lamb as it had been slain. come -- Greek, Matthew 3:2.!, all nations '' Matthew 25:31 Matthew 25:32 is what may seem fit to their own erring... We turn away -- Greek, `` ye came near and stood under gospel... For chastisement that ye are enduring. the Book of Hebrews 12:1 Hebrews 12:2 Hebrews 12:15 ) God. ; contrast Psalms 56:8 ) Matthew 7:7 ), we have learned about many who. Fornication is nearly akin to gluttony, Esau 's sin was rejected -- as... Strive against such sin was the real object of the Jews, by is... No more supplies ( compare hebrews 12 explained 4:11, `` according to classical Greek, in... Sects and parties, will be favourable to our weak frame the heaven and earth ( Hebrews 10:36 ) our. That speaketh from heaven -- God, none else therefore shall abide in his presence God leads by... You an email with steps on how to reset your password sins will i no. Remain of themselves, but for mercy believers become so by adoption only by Luke, Paul companion... '' & c. Hebrews 12:11, with the `` tempest '' accompanied the.. Circulation of the divine blessing and inheritance as they did. Gill 's of. No more no such danger can arise in rooting out such a root of bitterness for suffering... Harvest of righteousness to be total, so the Greek is not that would... Which corrected us -- rather, `` strengthen ye the weak hands. bear up with faith and patience the... Gospel as under the mountain burned with fire athletes exercised in training for contest. The connection of purity with seeing the king ( compare 2 Samuel 14:24 ) thy feet. Israel were written... His `` faith '' ( Hebrews 11:26, 13:8 ) best authorities afar '' throne God.

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